"starbot HR4DSE", (2017)
“Starbot HR4DSE”拍摄的是世界上最先进的人形机器人。NASA 和爱丁堡大学目前正在合作一个雄心勃勃的未来主义项目：为未来的火星探索建造一个自主的类人机器人。我们这个时代最伟大的愿景之一就是在未来使我们成为跨行星生活的物种。为实现如此，一个关键要求是机器人技术的发展，用于在另一个星球上预先部署设备，维护和修复设施，以及发展机器人助手与人类宇航员合作的能力。这又涉及到重要问题则是机器的自主性水平，机器人的精确度和准确性与人类的情境决策能力需同时具备。NASA ?的仿人机器人高170厘米，重120公斤。双足，能够用两条腿走路，非常灵活，也相当难控制。所有关节都是由非常强大的电动机驱动的，特点是车载高密度电池和三台最先进的计算机，使它能够完全自主的行为。车载计算机接收所有传感器信息，对其进行处理，并决定机器人应该采取的下一步行动，向各个关节发送适当的命令。
作品“starbot HR4DSE”结合机器人3D扫描过程的输出，展示了人形机器人的所有技术精度和运动能力，点云(point cloud)为机器人提供了地形的数字高程模型，使得机器人在其周围自主移动。它配备了一系列传感器，包括立体相机，触摸传感器，扭矩传感器和扫描激光。所有这些都是用来对世界进行深度、色彩和力量的感知。机器人是由爱丁堡机器人中心的艺术家描绘的；机器人周围的点云是基于机器人?的扫描数据的测试实验室的虚拟重建。这件作品还提出了一个关键的人类关切问题：我们应该给予这些未来与我们日常生活紧密相连的机器人多少自主权？
“starbot HR4DSE“ pictures the most advanced humanoid robot in the world. NASA and the University of Edinburgh are currently collaborating on a very ambitious futuristic project: to build an autonomous humanoid robot for future deep space exploration on Mars. One of the great visions of our time is to make us a bi-planetary species in future. A key requirement to make this happen is the development of robotic technology for pre-deployment of assets on another planet, maintaining and repairing facilities as well as creating capability that allows robotic helpers to co-work with human astronauts. One important issue here is the level of machine autonomy which needs to combine the precision and accuracy of robots with the contextual decision-making capabilities of humans. NASA ?s human- oid robot is 170cm tall, and weighs 120kg. It is bipedal or capable of walking on two legs which makes it very agile as well challenging to control. All its joints are driven by very powerful electric motors and it features an on-board high density battery and three state of the art computers, making it capable of fully autonomous behaviours. The on-board computers receive all sensor information, process it and make decisions about the next step the robot should take, sending appropriate commands to the individual joints.
The artwork “starbot HR4DSE “ shows the humanoid robot in all its technical precision and motion abilities combined with the output of the robot’s 3D scanning processes, the point cloud which provides the robot with a digital elevation model of the terrain and allows it to move autonomously in its surroundings. It is equipped with a range of sensors including stereo cameras, touch sensors, torque sensors and scanning lasers. All of these are used to sense the world in depth, colour and force. The robot was portrayed by the artist at the Edinburgh Centre for Robotics; the point cloud surrounding the robot is the virtual reconstruction of the test-laboratory based on the robot ?s scan data. The work also raises a critical human concern: how much autonomy should we grant the robots which will share our daily lives in future?
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