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冯钟睿:幽然的静谧

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冯钟睿

Fong Chung-Ray



冯钟睿,1934年出生于河南、成长于台湾、蛰居旧金山四十多年,50年代末以抽象水墨为革新的起点,近年作品厚实粗犷,铭刻人生阅历。1960年代的台湾年轻艺术家组织画会风行一时,冯钟睿所加入的“五月画会”是当时锋头最健的画会之一,画友们频繁交流新观念,将绘画技能提升到创作观念的论辩层次,此时也正是战后现代性在台湾逐渐成熟的年代。现代性在台湾启始得早,与台湾复杂的身世和地理位置有关,因此台湾艺术发展相对于其他华人地区,率先在战后15年内蜕变出新的面貌。


微观创作者如何各自诠释时代精神,艺术家冯钟睿在1964-75年即敢于将抽象这个西方的产物结合水墨本身的文人性格,绘出意境悠远的画面,这是出自抽象与水墨却在固有形式与媒材之外开拓出的又一章。他的画笔是自己发明的棕榈毛刷,1967年起在水墨中加入丙烯去改变画面的质感,1975年开始使用画布,1980年代中期加入拼贴技法,1980年代末加入中文字,1990年后在塑料片上涂丙烯颜料,再于画布上印出不规则图案,可增加层次厚度亦可调淡渲染,说明他的绘画技巧已相当成熟。冯钟睿在堆栈出的层次上书写文字,刻划出铿锵有力的线条,同时带有天真的气质;或许因为他经历个人与家庭的重大变迁,画上的一段《楞严经》:“是故汝今。知见立知。即无明本。知见无见。斯即涅盘。无漏真净。云何是中更容他物。” 见证了冯钟睿潜心修佛的成果,似是他面对创作与人生8旬的告解,是这般深邃的平静。


冯钟睿 Fong Chung-Ray  2019-7-18

布面综合材料  Mixed Media on Canvas

167.5x127cm 2019


展出于亚洲艺术中心(北京)-“风林火山-源自东方的抽象”

Exhibited in Zeigeist: Abstract Art of Eastern Origin at Asia Art Center (Beijing)  


2019-7-18(细节 Detail)


Fong Chung-Ray, aged 83 this year, was born in Henan and grew up in Taiwan. He has been living in San Francisco for more than 40 years. At the end of 1950s he started his art revolution with abstract ink painting; in recent years his works have reached a powerful thickness that recorded his life experience. In 1960s, he witnessed the trend that young Taiwanese artists started founding painting groups. The Fifth Moon Group that Fong Chung-Ray was in was one of the most prestigious art groups. Its members frequently upgraded new insights and ideas, transforming the discussions’ viewpoint from skills to ideas. At that time he also witnessed the gradual maturity of post-war modernity in Taiwan. Because of Taiwan’s complicated history and unique location, its modernity was allowed an early start. Therefore, comparing to other Chinese regions, Taiwan’s art development could reach a new atmosphere in just 15 years after the War, faster than any other part of China.


Scrutinizing how artist has interpreted his own time with his own particular way, taking Fong Chung-Ray as an example, we found that as early as 1964-75 that he already dared to combine the Western abstract painting with the traditional ink painting, which is delicate and poetic, to construct a luring and philosophical scene. His art might derive from abstract painting and ink painting, which have their own traditions and forms, but he had gone beyond borders and created another realm. The painting brushes he used are self-made with palm leaves. From 1967, he added acrylic to ink in order to change the finish; in 1975 he started to use canvas; in mid-1980s he started to use collage as method and from the late 1980s Chinese characters have appeared in his art. After 1990 he began to stamp shapes onto the canvas by acrylic paint that was touched on plastic sheets, in doing so he could enforce the thickness and vivify the fogging and rendering effect, suggesting the maturity of his artist-ship. The words that Fong Chung-Ray wrote on the layered paints are powerful lines, majestic and at the same time innocent. Perhaps, because he had been through traumatic personal and family changes, the sutra in one of his works had witnessed and concluded his fruit of Buddhist path as well as a peaceful reflection on art and on his 80 years of life: “Therefore, you now base your knowledge on awareness and perception; but that is fundamental ignorance. The absence of a view regarding awareness and perception is Nirvana – the true purity of no outflows. How could there be anything else in the midst of it?”


冯钟睿 Fong Chung-Ray  2019-5-9

布面综合材料  Mixed Media on Canvas

137x91.5cm 2019


展出于亚洲艺术中心(北京)-“风林火山-源自东方的抽象”

Exhibited in Zeigeist: Abstract Art of Eastern Origin at Asia Art Center (Beijing)  



 2019-5-9(细节 Detail)


·


“风林火山-源自东方的抽象”展览现场 亚洲艺术中心(北京)2019

View on Zeitgeist: Abstract of Eastern Origin  at Asia Art Center (Beijing), 2019

冯钟睿作品  Works by Fong Chung-Ray






似重若轻:M+水墨藏品  西九文化区  香港  2017

The Weight of Lightness: Ink Art, M+ at the West Kowloon Cultural District, Hong Kong, 2017


1960-台湾现代艺术滥觞  亚洲艺术中心 (台北)  2016

1960 - The Origin of Taiwan's Modern Art, Asia Art Center, Taipei, 2016


关于艺术家 About Artist


冯钟睿 Fong Chung-Ray (1934-


重要个展:“无尽的抽象 - 冯钟睿个展”(亚洲艺术中心,台北,2017)、 “在现代与当代之间:冯钟睿个展” (旧金山中华文化中心,旧金山,2014)、“冯钟睿个展”(历史博物馆,台北,1974)


重要联展: “风林火山- 源自东方的抽象”(亚洲艺术中心,北京,2019)、“抽象艺术先锋(1955-1985)”(伊克塞尔博物馆,比利时,2017)、“似重若轻:M+水墨藏品” (西九文化区,香港,2017)、“笔墨之间” (阿什莫林艺术与考古博物馆,牛津,2017),“1960 - 台湾现代艺术的滥觞”(亚洲艺术中心,台北,2016)、“第一届当代水墨双年展”(关渡美术馆,台北,2007))、“前卫:六〇年代台湾美术展”(台北市立美术馆,台北,2003)、“二十世纪中国绘画之发展” (斯坦福大学博物馆,斯坦福,1968)、“五月画展” (台北,1961-1974)、“圣保罗双年展” (圣保罗,1959-1963)、“四海画展”(台北,1958-1961)


Selected Solo Exhibitions: “The Eternal Abstract: Fong Chung-Ray Solo Exhibition” (Asia Art Center, Taipei, 2017), “Solo Exhibition Fong Chung-Ray: Between Modern and Contemporary” (Chinese Cultural Center of San Francisco, San Francisco, 2014), Solo Exhibition (National Museum of History, Taipei, 1974).


Selected Group Exhibitions: “Zeitgeist: Abstract Art of Eastern Origin” (Asia Art Center, Beijing, 2019), “Pioneers of Abstraction (1955-1985)” (The Museum of Ixelles, Belgium, 2017), “The Weight of Lightness: Ink Art” (M+ at the West Kowloon Cultural District, Hong Kong, 2017), “Between Ink and Brush” (Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, Oxford, 2017), “1960 - The Origin of Taiwan's Modern Art” (Asia Art Center, Taipei, 2016), “Modern Water-Ink Painting Biannual Exhibition” (Kuandu Museum of Fine Arts, Taipei National University of the Arts, Taipei, 2007), “The Experimental Sixties: Avant-Garde Art in Taiwan” (Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, 2003), “Trends in 20th Century Chinese Painting” (Stanford University Museum, Stanford, 1968), “Fifth Moon Group Exhibition” (Taipei, 1961-1974 ), “Bienal de São Paulo” (Sao Paulo, 1959-1963), “The Four Seas Art Exhibition” (Taipei, 1958-1961)




正在展出 Current Exhibition


亚洲艺术中心(北京) 《风林火山-源自东方的抽象》


即将展出 Upcoming Exhibition


亚洲艺术中心(北京) 《青烟-李真新作展》



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