Nature herself is sublimely eloquent. The stars as they sparkle in firmament fill us with delight and ecstasy, and yet they all move in orbit marked out with mathematical precision.
---Alexander Von Humboldt
While getting used to the substantial production by massive industrial manufacture, people might often feel clumsy in front of the changing objects, moldy wall, paper straw that rotten in the mouth, then sometimes couldn’t help himself to be impressed by the exuberant vitality of organic life.
Invited by UPM, 6 students from D&I restudied paper pulp material with their design think during the Studio 5 course.
UPM’s Paper pulp comes from regenerative forest, it is 100% renewable resource. Meanwhile, UPM focus in sustainable forest industry and recycle energy usage in production for many decades. There are 97% of water during the paper manufacture are recycled and reused, 100% of the energy is coming from the wood wastes, and developed lignin into bio-plastic. These technical results make paper from UPM have negative carbon footage. With the bright and fine, soft and warm physical character, how might we profit the paper pulp application in more life scenarios?
Let’s look at the students’ ideas.
Pulp tile, designed by Ms.HUANG Danqi
When we stand up barefoot from the sofa or the bed, or stand on the ground with our shoes off, the floor made of paper bricks will give people a soft and down-to-earth feeling.
We get many resources from the nature, through processing to make many products, such as ceramic tiles made from the clay and quartz. During this process, the traces of nature are polished and polished until they disappear, and the product gradually becomes cold. Pulp is also taken from nature. Paper bricks made of pulp are firm and soft at the same time, giving life more natural feelings.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, artists and designers have tried to break the established rules in the design of forms, hoping to create a more visually impactful image. They found the answer from nature, believing that movement is the most common way of existence in nature and one of the roots of beauty. Movement comes from force. Most of the objects on the earth, through mutual forces, produce a variety of motion modes, thereby establishing their own forms, such as clouds, rain, wind, flowers, grass and trees. Therefore, the beauty of form includes the beauty of motion and mechanics, which depends on nature.
The plant fibers in the pulp are intertwined and interwoven, so that the paper bricks can be shaped. In the design of the pattern, the designer uses the wooden frame to fix the copper sheet, and relies on the elasticity of the copper sheet itself to shape the pattern mold. When the copper sheet is fixed at the end point, its bent state contains elastic potential energy and the potential for movement changes. This form has a certain "tendency of tension", and at the same time it produces the visual perception of immobility. When the paper bricks with these patterns are combined together, they have a sense of flow.
Rainforest, designed by Ms.ZHOU Jinming
Water is the source of life and an important substance second only to oxygen. However, it is suffering from increasingly serious pollution and has become the number one killer of human health. Forests are the lungs of the earth, giving humans a clean living environment and a green treasure house. However, the destruction of forests by humans has worsened the ecological environment and frequent disasters. With people’s increasing attention to environmental protection and the promotion of various virtual plantings, such as ant forests, people have their own thinking and methods on how to live in harmony with nature in daily life.
When it comes to tropical rain forests, towering trees, streams and lakes appear in my mind, with winding vines interspersed among them, everything in the rain forest seems to be connecting the heaven and the earth, circulating matter between the heaven and the earth.
Pulp is derived from wood, and wood is born from roots. Clouds made of pulp hang in the air. Vines planted in the pulp clouds hang down and spread downward, like a green waterfall flowing out of the clouds. Small urban rainforests have formed around people. People taking care of plants are like protecting a small rainforest and contributing to the protection of the environment.
Jewelry Box, designed by Ms.LI Zhaohan
In an age of over-packaging and over-marketing, sustainable production in the packaging industry would be easier to achieve if we stopped accepting modern standards of refinement.
Non-toxic sustainable jewelry boxes made of recycled paper pulp and recycled materials from shopping left-over are compared with a real jewelry box to illustrate the author’s point of view. Each represents: the core value of sustainable packaging does not exist in the “Surface”, exquisite packaging does not enhance the value of a diamond. Hoping that consumers can see through the deception of fine packaging, calling on everyone to accept the imperfect sustainable packaging.
By showing its manufacturing process, the author also hopes that more people will focus on the up-cycle of packaging, using the materials at hand to see how pulp can be redefined and fully utilized, creating a lifestyle impact.
Material: Tiffany shopping bag, flour, used diamond ring box, necklace box, imitation diamond, 925 silver, stainless steel.
TIME Design, designed bu Ms.JIN Yilang
人们时常产生一种误解，自身处在森林—木材—纸浆—人类社会生产链的末端，森林资源与人类社会是一种单向的give and take。事实上，人类取之森林，亦延续着森林生态，这循环的后半段在大众的视角中被隐去了，鲜有人关注。设计者想向外界传达这一观点：人类与森林是一种循环共生关系，自然的生命力远比文明更加久远，更加坚韧。
People often have a misunderstanding that they are at the end of the forest-wood-pulp-human society production chain. Forest resources and human society are a one-way capture. In fact, what mankind takes from forests also continues the forest ecology. The second half of this cycle is hidden from the public's perspective, and few people pay attention to it. The designer wants to convey this point of view to the outside world: human beings and forests are in a circular symbiotic relationship, and the vitality of nature is far longer and more resilient than civilization.
Pulp is homologous to grass and wood. As a creation of human society, it has naturally become a bridge between nature and civilization. Using paper pulp to make text, and plants growing on it, is like a retrogressive ecological process: the pulp is transformed into plants, and civilization is gradually hidden in nature. It re-presents the hidden circular chain to the outside world. The word TIME is a metaphor, in the long hundred years of mankind, in the forest, it is only half a cycle.
In terms of details, the organic holes on the text are inspired by moss spots on the soil. The moss is insignificant but tenacious. It appeared in the middle of the Devonian period hundreds of millions of years ago. The sans serif used for the text has a strong industrial feel, which contrasts with the organic form of plants and the irregular texture of pulp products.
Summit Plant Fertilizer, designed by Mr.LIU Yiwei
[ Bu Zhou · Feng ] is a plant-assisted design based on pulp and fertilizer. The product was inspired by Bu Zhou Mountain in the Chinese mythology. In legend, Gong Gong crashed the Bu Zhou mountain into two segments. The product as a whole is designed in the shape of a mountain, the upper part is used as a mold made of pulp, and the lower part is used as a container for household fermented fertilizer mainly made of rice washing water.
The model of the pulp is completed by the "peak" of the Bu Zhou Mountain on the upper part. The peak is divided into inner and outer layers. The inner layer is fan-shaped hard paper with the monsters and gods as the main surface of the Chinese mythology of the mountain and sea. The outer layer is the pulp layer obtained after soaking and crushing household paper/waste paper to achieve affinity. The role of soil and water, diluting and transferring trace elements needed by plants.
Fertilizer is made from eggshells and rice water, and the amount of fertilizer required for the soil is tested, and the two molds and models are combined to cultivate the soil.
The circular life of Pulp, designed by Ms.YIN Peiyuan
Paper pulp is the new life of trees, let our responsible consumptions help paper pulp return to the cycle of nourishing trees again.
Studio 5 课程作品展于11月8-19日在同济大学设计创意学院大厅展出。
Design projects of Studio 5 are displayed in the exhibition hall in College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University from Nov.8th to 19th, visiting reservation via : firstname.lastname@example.org.